What is Grass?

Grass is the common name for the Gramineae family of plants. With more than 9,000 known species, this family is one of the largest on Earth.

Grass is extremely important to most people’s lives, whether they know it or not. For one thing, grass is a major food source all over the world. Rice, corn and oats come from grass plants, for example, and most livestock animals feed primarily on grasses. In some parts of the world, people use grass plants in construction (bamboo is a grass, for example), and wherever it grows, grass plays a vital role in curbing erosion. Grass is also used to make sugar, liquor, bread and plastics, among many other things.

Grasses have a very simple structure, and a very simple way of life. You can better grasp what grass needs when you understand how it actually functions in the world.

At the base of the grass plant, roots grow down into the earth. Typically, grass roots are fibrous, or threadlike. They extend into the soil like fingers, collecting nutrients, soaking up water and securing the plant to the ground.
Grass stems, called culms, grow up from the base of the plant (the crown). In most grass species, the culms are hollow and rigid, except at the nodes — joints that join stem segments together.

Narrow leaves extend out from the culms, above each node. The leaves alternate in direction. That is, if the first leaf on a culm grows to the right, the second leaf will grow to left and the third leaf will grow to the right and so on.

The lower part of the leaf is called the sheath, and the upper part is called the blade. In most grasses, a ligule surrounds the connection between the sheath and the blade. A ligule can take the form of a thin membrane or a fringe of hair-like projections.

Like the leaves on a tree, grass leaves serve to collect energy from sunlight through photosynthesis. The photosynthesizing chlorophyll in the leaf gives grass its green color.

There are two major methods of reproduction in grasses. Some grasses have additional stems that grow sideways, either below ground or just above it. Stems that creep along the ground are called stolons, and stems that grow below ground are called rhizomes. Grasses use stolons and rhizomes to reach out and establish new grass culms. The stoleon or rhizome nurtures the new plant until it is strong enough to survive on its own.

Grasses also have flowers. The small flowers in most grass species are known as florets. Florets grow together in small groups called spikelets, which collectively form inflorescences. Flowers produce the spores that pollinate other flowers, which produce seeds. With any luck, some of the seeds will grow new healthy grass plants.

In some grasses, such as corn, the stem and the flowering part of the plant are obvious. But in lawn grasses, the long thin leaves overshadow the other elements of the plant. Unless you’re up close, all you see is green stalks.
Grass gives a refreshing element to natures beauty and naturally relaxes ones mind due to the simplicity of viewing a warm and cool environment.

Natural Grass Gallery

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Natural Grass Maintenance

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How To Maintain Your Instant Lawn?

  • Establishment

Avoid concentrated traffic on your new lawn. This allows the roots to bed down and knit together. It is important that the soil remain moist at all times. Be careful not to over water in shaded areas and to not under water in full sun areas.
After 4 weeks you are ready to mow.

  • Maintenance

Mow your lawn at the recommended height. DO NOT use brush cutters as they damage the lawn and are NOT designed for mowing that is why they are called BRUSH cutters. Never cut more than 1/3 of the leaf off your grass. Low mowing of your lawn can leave it damaged and susceptible to weed invasion. Avoid mowing in extreme heat.

  • Water

Keep your lawn in tip top condition – water once a week (to depth of 15 cm) in dry periods as opposed to more frequent watering with less water, this will help produce a good deep root system and keep the lawn healthy.

Consistent maintenance throughout the year can ensure you have healthy and green lawn during all seasons. It’s not as difficult as you’d think.

Ensuring it’s mowed regularly, fed and irrigated correctly during the year will ensure it’s always in the best condition. Keeping weeds and pests in check is important as they can destroy a well-kept lawn very quickly.

Winter maintenance

The secret in having a nice well-kept green lawn in winter is to start preparing it in autumn. It might seem your lawn is dormant in winter but it’s how the grass is cared for during this period which will make the difference to the overall health and beauty of it during the summer.

During autumn ensure that all the leaves and any other debris on the grass is conscientiously raked up and put in the compost bin. If the leaves are left on the grass, they will prevent the lawn from receiving proper moisture, nutrients, sunlight and air. While most lawns do not grow at all during winter, they can still die if buried under any kind of debris. Do not make the mistake and think that summer is the most important time for controlling weed growth, because the opposite is actually true. Weeds grow much faster in the winter than the grass, as the lawns are lying dormant during this time. If the weeds are not controlled and permitted to go wild over the winter, there may be very little grass left when the summer season comes along.

In late winter, just before spring, it is a very good idea to scarify the lawn (please remember only certain lawns should be scarified. One can rent a scarifyer or just use your own lawn mower. Set the mower on its lowest setting and mow the lawn. You will be horrified if it is the first time you have done this, as it will seem as if you are killing the lawn. It will be cut so low, you will be sure you have destroyed it, but in fact, this is very good for the lawn as it removes the dead growth and allows the lawn to breathe and receive light, all of which is fundamental to it growing strong and healthy.

Once this has been done, cover the lawn with a fine layer of lawn dressing. This will protect the lawn from any frost and it will nourish the grass. Be sure to water the lawn twice a week until the grass has grown through the dressing.

Summer maintenance

To keep the lawn looking good at all times, it is essential that the lawn is mowed once a week in summer to maintain a lush green lawn. Set your mowers height at the beginning of the season and keep it that way throughout the season. Alternate the direction in which you mow each time in order to keep the grass uniform.

Mowing Tips For Your Instant Lawn

  • Set the mower on the highest setting – this allows for the grass canopy to grow tall, creating the LUSH feel. It helps keep the soil well shaded which in turn prevents weeds from germinating and improves moisture retention in the soil.
  • No Raking – raking can damage rooting in areas that are already sparsely planted.
  • Leave your grass clippings – Your grass clippings break down and feed the bacteria in the soil, these then die and become natural nutrients for grass.

Watering Your Lawn

  • It is best to water early in the morning or late in the afternoon.  Why? This helps prevent grass disease’s from developing in a humid environment.
  • We recommend that new lawn be watered deeply, once a week. Why? This ensures that individual lawn plants grow stronger roots to seek out ground water. By mimicking natural rainfall patterns, you encourage stronger root growth in a manner that is environmentally sustainable. If you water just a little bit daily the roots get lazy and grow very shallow. This is fine until you have a really hot day and then they struggle.